Research

Revision as of 07:23, 14 August 2010 by Louiqa (talk | contribs) (Computational Social Science)


Machine Translation and Paraphrasing

Faculty
Bonnie Dorr interlingual and hybrid MT, semantically-informed syntactic MT
Mary Harper multilingual parsing, language modeling
Philip Resnik linguistically informed translation modeling, paraphrase, crowdsourcing and translation
Postdocs
Graduate Students Vlad Eidelman

The CLIP Laboratory's work in machine translation continues the lab's long tradition of research in translation. Like most of the field, we work within the framework of statistical MT, but with an emphasis on taking appropriate advantage of knowledge driven or linguistically informed model structures, features, and priors. Some current areas of research include syntactically informed language models, linguistically informed translation model features, the use of unsupervised methods in translation modeling, exploitation of large scale "cloud computing" methods, and human-machine collaborative translation via crowdsourcing.

Paraphrase, the ability to express the same meaning in multiple ways, is an active area of research within the NLP community and here in the CLIP Laboratory. Our work in paraphrase includes the use of paraphrase in MT evaluation and parameter estimation, lattice and forest translation, and collaborative translation, as well as research on lexical and phrasal semantic similarity measures, meaning preservation in machine translation and summarization, and large-scale document similarity computation via cloud computing methods.

Representative Publications and Project Pages:

Summarization

Parsing and Tagging

Computational Social Science

Faculty
Jordan Boyd-Graber scientific literature analysis, persuasion
Bonnie Dorr sentiment analysis, scientific literature analysis
Jimmy Lin social media
Doug Oard technological innovation
Louiqa Raschid diffusion, prediction, event detection
Philip Resnik sentiment, persuasion
Amy Weinberg sentiment, persuasion
Postdocs
Graduate Students Eric Hardisty Asad Sayed Hassan Sayyadi Shanchan Wu

Computational social science involves the use of computational methods and models to leverage "the capacity to collect and analyze data at a scale that may reveal patterns of individual and group behaviors". Research in the CLIP Laboratory is at the forefront of this emerging area, and includes sentiment analysis (computational modeling and prediction of opinions, perspective, and other private states), automatic analysis and visualization of the scientific literature, modeling the diffusion of technological innovations, and modeling and prediction of social goals and actions such as persuasion.

Representative Publications and Project Pages:

Information Retrieval: From Tweets to Tomes

Faculty
Jimmy Lin
Doug Oard
Postdocs
Graduate Students

The goal of information retrieval is to help people find what they are looking for. Information retrieval research in the CLIP lab focuses principally on retrieval based on the language contained in text, in speech, and in document images. We work across a broad range of content types, from tweets to tomes, from talking to texting, and from Cebuano to Chinese. Three perspectives inform our work:

  • we integrate a broad range of computational linguistics techniques,
  • we focus on scalable techniques that can accommodate very large collections
  • we sometimes draw the boundaries of our “systems” very broadly to include both the automated tools that we create and the process by which users can best employ those tools.

One example that illustrates these perspectives is our work with “cross-language information retrieval,” in which close coupling of machine translation and information retrieval techniques make it possible for people to find and use information written in languages that they can neither read nor write. Another example is our work on the design and evaluation of “question answering” systems that can automatically find and present answers to complex questions, which serves as a bridge between our work on information retrieval and summarization.

Representative Publications and Project Pages:

  • Publication 1
  • Publication 2