Comparative assemblies

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AMOScmp pipeline

Short reads(Solexa)

Modified parameters

 Modified AMOScmp pipeline: ~dpuiu/bin/AMOScmp
 
 Alignment:
 * Lower nucmer alignement/cluster sizes : default are 20/65 ; drop to 16/16 (Solexa_read_len/2)
   Can go as low as 14/14; 12/12 gives too many spurious alignments:
   -D MINMATCH=20 -D MINCLUSTER=20 
 * Run nucmer multiple times:
    all reads:       given alignement/cluster size
    unaligned reads: smaller alignement/cluster size
    unaligned reads: smaller alignement/cluster size
    ...
 * Use promer instead of nucmer: alignement/cluster sizes of 6/11 (in AA)
 
 Layout:
 * Drop casm-layout min ovl from 10 to 5: 
   -D MINOVL=5 
 * Drop casm-layout majority from 70 to 50: 
   -D MAJORITY=50 
 
 Consensus:
 * Drop make-consensus alignment wiggle from 15 to 2
   -D ALIGNWIGGLE=2
 * Use make-consensus -x option ???

Read trimming

 * Quality trimming: too stringent
 * Align to reference using nucmer (small -c <n> -l <n>); trim reads to alignment coordinates
 * Identify 0 cvg regions; don't trim reads adjacent to these regions
 * Update read clr's; run AMOScmp
 
  Example:
     $ show-coords -c -l -o -r -H  $(PREFIX).delta | $(SCRIPTDIR)/getNucmerCoverage.pl -M 0  > $(PREFIX).0cvg
     $ delta2clr.pl -zero_cvg $(PREFIX).0cvg -read_len $(READLEN) < $(PREFIX).delta > $(PREFIX).clr
     $ awk '{print $1}' $(PREFIX).clr > $(PREFIX).seqs
     $ updateClrRanges -i $(PREFIX).bnk $(PREFIX).clr
     $ dumpreads -I $(PREFIX).seqs $(BANK) > $(PREFIX).seq

Contig merging

 * Identify adjacent contig end overlaps
 * Overlaps might be too short to be identified by alignment programs
 * Programs that do alignment & sequence merging:
     * EMBOSS merger: does not handle long sequences
     * fastaMerge.pl
       Input: multiFasta file; contigs must be ordered and oriented; only checks adjacent contig ends
 
       Example: 
         $ fastaMerge.pl -min 5 -max 30 -id 0.8 $(PREFIX).fasta -debug 1 > $(PREFIX).merge.fasta
 
         ctg1_id ctg2_id ovl_len ovl_id
         20      21      10      1
         34      35      18      1
         36      37      9       0.88
         ...
     2008_0109_AMOSCmp-PA14-relaxed-17-nucmer-redo2 assembly: # contigs 2053 -> 1927

Multiple references

 * Find most similar genome : most number or reads it aligns to it